Second Global Congress
of Women in Politics
28-30 August, 1998

From Rhetoric to Reality- Women's Political Participation, Accountability and Leadership

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The Second Global Congress of Women in Politics was held on 28-30 August 1998 at Makati City, Philippines with 285 participants from 38 countries. The theme for this Congress was "From Rhetoric to Reality: Women's Political Participation, Accountability and Leadership." As the theme implies, the Second Congress gave the participants the opportunity to share the progress of their regional commitments and proposals made during the First Congress in Huairou. Women politicians and activists were invited to share their personal experiences of what it takes to be in politics. A discussion of what role women should have in politics given current development challenges in different regions around the world was held in order to draw up a regional women's political agenda. The United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) and the Asian Development Bank provided funding support for this Congress.

You can read more about CAPWIP and its part in the First and Second Congresses on our Origins page.

Several Second Congress papers are available on this site:

Agenda for the Dawn of a New Millennium: Gender and Transformative Politics by Jurgette Honculada

A Global Analysis: What Has Worked for Women in Politics and What Has Not? by Christine Pintat, Assistant Secretary General of the Inter-Parliamentary Union.

Please note that this is only the introduction to Christine Pintat's paper. You can also download the complete version in either Microsoft Word format (230k) or in Adobe Acrobat format (86k).

Career Advancement Program of Women in Philippine Government Service (CAPWWINS) by Corazon Alma de Leon, Chairperson, Philippine Civil Service Commission

The Story of a Political Pressure Group: The Women's Electoral Lobby (WEL) of New Zealand by Elspeth Preddey


Silvia Lara of the Central America and Panama Network of Women in Politics presents her group's workshop output during the plenary session. Others in the picture include, from left to right: Ranjana Kumari, Vice-President of the Center for Social Research, India and CAPWIP Board Member; Remedios Rikken, the first President of the Global Network of Women in Politics and President of the Women in Politics Institute, Philippines as well as CAPWIP Board Member; Ms. Lara; Teboho Maitse of the Women's Empowerment Unit, South Africa; and Hon. Sarmite Bulte, Member of Parliament, Canada.


Nomcebo Manzini of the Gender Training and Research Services, Swaziland say a few words after being elected as the new President of the Global Network of Women in Politics.


A group of participants pay a courtesy call to Philippine President Joseph Ejercito Estrada at Malacañang Palace, his official residence in Manila. From left to right: Cathy Chang, interpreter for the Taiwanese participants; Senator Jenny Ma of Taiwan and CAPWIP Board Member; Hon. Cristina Portillo, Member of Congress, Mexico; Senator Tamako Nakanishi of Japan- also a CAPWIP Board Member; Mindula Sinha, Vice-President of the Bhartiya Janata Party, India; President Estrada; Hon. Sarmite Bulte, Member of Parliament, Canada; Venkata Ratnam Tripurana, Chairperson of the Andhra Pradesh State Social Welfare Board, India; Hon. Socorro May Lopez, Member of Congress, Mexico; Teboho Maitse of the Women's Empowerment Unit, South Africa; and Sylvia Ordoñez, CAPWIP Board Member.


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Dated: 13Mar2001